Aluminosilicate Zeolite-A Reaction Matrices for Ni:H and Co:H Exothermic Processes:
The Zeocat Reactor Concept
N.A. Reiter and Dr. S.P. Faile
18 September 2012
Aluminosilicate zeolite lattices have been used widely for geometric sequestering and isolation of metallic species, primarily for catalytic purposes. The family of Zeolite-A forms commonly used as molecular sieve media is especially useful for engineered containment of Ni, Pd, Ag, Au, Cu, Co, Mn, and Fe atoms. We considered that in light of recent developments in Ni:H exothermic reaction technology, where Ni and other transition metals are exposed to hydrogen in a nano-structured form, zeolite constrained atomic or ionic species might exhibit vigorous reactions similarly.
In this document, we outline and disclose our observations to date, related to novel exothermic reactions by zeolite constrained species, both in a pressurized environment of H2 gas blends as well as a physical proximity to a decomposing metal hydride performing the role of a hydrogen generator.
Technical discussion is provided, as well as experimental details for replication efforts.
In late 2011, we observed and confirmed that 3A, 4A, 5A, and 13X zeolite molecular sieve beads were capable of adsorbing / exchanging, and holding ionic species of Ni, Ag, Au, Pd, Pt, Co, Cu, Pb, Fe, and Mn. Furthermore, we found that when exposed to a reducing gas mixture – either H2 or N2:H2 5% at temperatures above 350C, several of these species were reduced to atomic form. Ni, Pd, Ag, Cu, and Co in particular were quite reliable in this process. Our general procedure for loading zeolite beads consisted of the following steps:
Incorporation of Loaded Zeolites in a Novel Reactor Geometry:
Advocates of Ni:H and Pd:D systems of LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Reactions) have become rightfully focused on nano-geometry and topology of reaction surfaces, particularly since early 2011. Speculation abounds regarding preferential geometry and dimensions, as well as catalysts in Ni powder systems. However, in principle, 1-dimensional arrays of metal ions or atoms in a zeolite cage represent the ultimate venue of atomic scale access of H or D. How best to utilize Ni (or other metal) loaded zeolites in a simple reactor form, in order to search for signs of exothermic properties that would be suggestive of non-chemical origins?
In order to test loaded zeolites in the presence of H2, we built a very simple “screening” reactor. The body of the reactor is a commercial 316 stainless steel ½”NPT “Tee” fitting, with a single thermocouple extending into the interior, a gas inlet fitting, and a bleed and purge valve. Loading of the vessel is conducted through the bleed valve pipe fitting. The assembly is placed on a hot plate with simple rheostat control, and covered with kaowool ceramic fiber insulation. All “hot zone” components are made of 316
stainless, as is the .0625” diameter sheath of the K-type thermocouple used to take the internal “fuel” temperature.
See the photos below: